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The History of the Twentieth Century

A chronicle of the history of the twentieth century, including art, music, popular culture, science, religion, and, of course, politics and war.
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The History of the Twentieth Century
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Oct 25, 2020

When reparations payments first came due in 1921, the German economy was in bad shape and the government resisted payment, while the German right opposed paying them at all.

Oct 18, 2020

Germany receives the Treaty of Versailles and is given the choice of accepting the treaty as it stands, or restarting the war.

Oct 4, 2020

Imposing an indemnity on the defeated enemy after a war was a longstanding practice. At the Paris Peace Conference, reparations were supposed to be something more just and civilized: a charge for losses to civilians during the German occupation of Belgium and France.

Sep 27, 2020

The new democratic German government believed they could get a generous peace deal from the Allies. They were wrong.

Sep 20, 2020

After the abdication/removal of Kaiser Wilhelm II, Germany was declared a republic. But what kind of republic?

Sep 13, 2020

With the bloodshed seemingly unending, the Lloyd George government and the Irish Republic strike an agreement.

Aug 30, 2020

The conflict in Ireland grows more bitter, culminating in 1920's Bloody Sunday.

Aug 23, 2020

On January 21, 1919, the first Dáil Éireann met in Dublin and declared itself the parliament of an Irish Republic. That same day, IRA fighters in County Tipperary stole 168 pounds of gelignite, killing the two police officers who were guarding it.

 

Aug 16, 2020

As Woodrow Wilson recovered from his stroke, the effort to gain Senate approval for the Treaty of Versailles floundered, and the US government was without a leader.

Aug 9, 2020

As hard as it was to negotiate the Treaty of Versailles, Woodrow Wilson returned home to an even greater challenge: winning Senate approval of the treaty.

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