The winter of 1941-42 was not a happy one for the German Army. On the Eastern Front it was battered by a record cold winter and a Soviet counteroffensive. In North Africa, a British offensive pushed Erwin Rommel and his Afrika Korps all the way back to central Libya, from where he had begun.
After the sinking of Bismarck, the Germans abandoned surface raiding in the Atlantic and turned to their greatest naval strength: submarine warfare.
The Luftwaffe's bombing campaign over England did not force a British capitulation. Can RAF Bomber Command force a German capitulation?
The Japanese Army's greatest victory; the British Army's greatest defeat.
The attack on Pearl Harbor ended the political division in the US between interventionists and isolationists. Now the US was united as never before.
The Japanese attack the US naval base at Pearl Harbor.
The Japanese give up on peace talks with America and began prepare for war.
The defining features of the nation of Panama are its abundant wildlife and that it is the place where the world's two largest oceans are at their closest.
The upper levels of Japanese government (and, more important, the military) increasingly came to the view that war with the United States was necessary if Japan was to survive.